X-Ray Laboratory

5.1 X-ray Diffractometer (XRD)

XRD is a method for the phase identification of various types of materials which have a crystalline nature. Analyses of the powdered and bulk samples up to a maximum of 10 cm height can be carried out on selective points by the XRD instrument in Central Research Laboratory.

Application fields:

  • Identification of the inorganic pigments found in the paints of building materials and artworks
  • Phase analyses of building materials such as mortars, plasters, stones, bricks and cement
  • Mineralogical analyses of geological materials such as rocks, soils and clays
  • Mineralogical analyses of terracotta and ceramic artefacts recovered from the archaeological excavations
  • Analyses of metals and alloys
  • Analyses of traditional and advanced ceramic materials
  • Analyses of polymers

5.2 Micro-X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (µ-XRF)

The semi-quantitative elemental analysis of various types of materials between sodium-uranium is performed and elemental distribution maps of the selective areas can be obtained on the material samples by the use of µ-XRF. The instrument with its open designated spectrometer head is particularly used for the in-situ non-destructive analysis of cultural property and artworks such as paintings, ceramics, glasses, metals and manuscripts that cannot be moved or sampled at the museums.


  • Bruker D8 Discover X-ray Diffractometer
  • Bruker ARTAX 800 µ-X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer